The hottest photovoltaic industry, the United Stat

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Recently, the U.S. International Trade Commission made a preliminary determination that the U.S. domestic industry has suffered substantial damage due to the import of Chinese crystalline silicon photovoltaic products. Experts said that due to the wide distribution of the market, the impact of this double reaction has been less than that of Europe before. The domestic countermeasures to curb the growing international trade frictions are mainly to effectively limit over investment and the resulting overcapacity

The head of the import and Export Fair Trade Bureau of the Ministry of Commerce said on February 17 that the U.S. International Trade Commission failed to fully and objectively consider the fact and current situation of the interdependence of the photovoltaic industry between China and the United States. Chinese photovoltaic products not only did not harm the interests of the U.S. industry, but also brought huge commercial benefits and employment opportunities to the upstream and downstream industries of the United States

in fact, as early as November 2011, the United States, despite China's opposition, insisted on launching a double anti-dumping investigation on Chinese made photovoltaic cells, and decided to impose anti-dumping duties and countervailing duties of 29.18% and 254.66% in December 2012. The high double anti tax rate makes it difficult for Chinese enterprises to export photovoltaic cell products made in China to the United States. On January 23, 2014, the United States again launched a double anti investigation on China's photovoltaic products, aiming to comprehensively and strictly restrict China's export of crystalline silicon photovoltaic products to the United States, which is not only a common physical property experimental product

the above person in charge pointed out that since May 2013, China and the United States have conducted several rounds of consultations and negotiations on properly resolving trade frictions in the photovoltaic field. During the negotiation, the United States announced the second round of double anti investigation on China's photovoltaic products, which undoubtedly exacerbated the trade friction of photovoltaic products and created an obstacle for the negotiation and settlement of the trade friction of Sino US photovoltaic products

this also led to the failure of domestically produced components to enter the U.S. market, and some manufacturers chose to set up factories in Taiwan and other places to avoid double anti-dumping. According to the data of the U.S. Department of Commerce, the amount of photovoltaic products imported by the United States from Chinese Mainland and Taiwan, China was $2.1 billion and $510 million respectively in 2012

Xie Jian, CEO of Jingao solar, said that the purpose of this double anti tax investigation is that the United States hopes to block the tax avoidance channels of Chinese Mainland companies in the past, and prevent Chinese Mainland companies from processing batteries and components in Taiwan, China, China, and then exporting them to the U.S. market

the overall impact of decentralized export markets is limited

although the preliminary determination result is announced this time, people in the photovoltaic industry generally predict that the final ruling result of the United States is still likely to be unfavorable to enterprises in Chinese Mainland and Taiwan, China

data show that due to the impact of the European and American double anti-dumping investigation, the export volume of China's photovoltaic products to the United States and Europe fell sharply in 2012, down about 30% and 45% respectively compared with 2011. However, the export volume of Chinese photovoltaic products to Japan, Canada and other countries also doubled, and the increment almost made up for the reduction in the European and American markets

Yu Wenjun, an analyst of Shenyin Wanguo new energy industry, said that through the strategic adjustment of enterprises in the past two years, compared with previous years, most domestic photovoltaic products are mainly exported to the European market, and the proportion of emerging markets is increasing. Therefore, given that photovoltaic products exported to the United States currently account for% of China's total shipments of photovoltaic modules, Econcore's patented technology is to use a series of high-speed production lines to produce single 1 continuous extruded thermoplastic films. The overall impact of the honeycomb structure is limited

it is understood that photovoltaic enterprises in Taiwan, China have recently stated that they may evade sanctions by setting up factories in Southeast Asian countries. However, it is worth noting that some photovoltaic enterprises have increased their shipments to the United States since the third quarter of last year, which may have a greater impact on individuals

Yu Wenjun predicted that the domestic demand of China's photovoltaic market has started in the past two years, and the domestic photovoltaic market has grown very rapidly. Especially last year, with the strong support of policies, China has become the largest photovoltaic market in the world. This year, the domestic installed capacity of 14gw will be launched, and the domestic market will definitely grow further in the future. However, with the restrictions of Europe and the United States on Chinese photovoltaic products, it is foreseeable that more domestic enterprises will be forced to set up factories overseas

In fact, the upgrading of US trade protection measures against China has not only directly affected Sino US economic and trade relations, but also played a very bad exemplary role for other countries in the world to restrict China's exports. Shen Dingli, director of the center for American Studies at Fudan University, pointed out that trade frictions faced by China are expected to continue to increase in 2014, and China will continue to suffer the most trade frictions

it is understood that since the beginning of this year, the world has launched one after another anti trade investigations and trade disputes against China. In the first 10 days of January, the Ministry of Commerce has issued 14 trade warnings in a row. Not only the developed economies such as Europe and the United States continue to increase trade barriers to Chinese products, but also the trade protection measures taken by emerging economies including India, Brazil and Mexico against China. The company also plans to provide further services to film processing enterprises that provide waste

experts believe that there are internal reasons for the current frequent trade frictions against China. Conflicts often occur in industries with excess capacity both globally and domestically. In the future economic downturn cycle, some developed countries are likely to take more protectionist measures against China. The reality that trade frictions with China are becoming normal requires us to form a trade relief mechanism in which the government, industry associations and enterprises perform their respective duties and complement each other, so as to prevent the ripple effect of the U.S. trade protection policy from spreading

gongbaihua, director of the Information Department of Shanghai WTO affairs consulting center, said that from the domestic perspective, the effective measure to curb the growing international trade frictions is to limit over investment and the resulting excess capacity. Internal adjustments must be made in the industrial structure, product structure, consumption and investment structure and regional development structure to change the imbalance, so that the external contradictions and pressures can be reduced

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